'Seek the truth, hear the truth, learn the truth, love the truth, speak the truth, hold the truth and defend the truth until death'
Jan Hus (1370-1415) was a medieval religious thinker, Czech university teacher and Roman Catholic priest who found his inspiration in John Wickliffe.
In his religious works Hus criticized moral decline of the church and blamed them for exploitation of subjects and not living according to the God’s commandments. According to him the church didn’t need so much wealth to continue its work.
To make his writings understandable even to the most common people, he introduced improvements into Czech diacritic in order to represent each sound by a single symbol (so we have: š,č,ř,ž,á,í,é…). His own preachings, which were extremely popular between people at the time, were also carried out in Czech.
During his life he gained many followers but also many enemies. When Jan Hus decided to speak against indulgences, he was forbidden to preach in Prague, so he left and spread his teachings all over Bohemia. Very soon Hus was asked to come and defend his work in front of the council but in the end they didn’t even let him speak properly. After refusing to take his words back, Hus ended up at the stake, burned as a heretic. Jan Hus was a key contributor to Protestantism, whose teachings had a strong influence on the states of Europe and on Martin Luther himself. His death almost immediately started the Hussite revolution.